Introduction and Driscriptions:
The red panda (Ailurus fulgens), conjointly known as red panda and red cat-bear, could be a tiny arboreal currant native to the jab chain of mountains and southwestern China that has been classified as Vulnerable by IUCN as its wild population is calculated at but ten, 000 mature people. The population continues to say no and is vulnerable by environs loss and fragmentation, poaching, and coupling depression, though red pandas square measure protected by national laws vary in their countries.
The red panda is slightly larger than false domestics. It’s auburn fur, a long, shaggy tail, and a waddling gait thanks to its shorter front legs. It feeds principally on bamboo, however is omnivorous and conjointly chuck eggs, birds, insects, and little mammals. It’s a solitary animal, principally active from nightfall to dawn, and is basically inactive throughout the day.
The red panda is that the sole living species of the genus Ailurus and also the family Ailuridae. It’s been antecedently placed within the raccoon and bear families; however the results of the organic process analysis indicate sturdy support for its assortment classification in its circle of relatives Ailuridae, which on the side of the masculine family is a component of the taxonomic group Musteloidea. Two taxonomic category square measure recognized. It’s not closely associated with the enormous panda.
Actual physical characteristics
The head and linear unit of red pandas measures 50 to 63 cm (20 to 26 in), and their tail is twenty eight to fifty nine cm (11 to twenty three in). Males weigh 3.6 to 6.3 kg (8.1 to 14 lb) and females three to six kg (6.6 to 13 lbs).
The red panda is specialized as a bamboo feeder with robust, curving and sharp semi-retractile claws standing inward for grasping of slender tree branches, leaves and fruit. Just like the Ailuropoda melanoleuca, it’s a “false thumb” that’s associate extension of the carpel. Once down a tree headfirst, the cat bar rotates its articulation talocruralis to manage its descent, one amongst the few rise species to try to thus.
The red panda is territorial. It’s solitary except throughout sex session. The species are typically quiet aside from some twittering, tweeting, and whistling communication sounds. It’s been reportable to be each nocturnal and dark, sleeping on tree branches or in tree hollows throughout the day and increasing its activity within the late afternoon and early evening hours. It sleeps extended on a branch with legs support once it’s hot, and coupled with its tail over the face once it’s cold. This red panda is extremely heat sensitive, with an associate degree optimum “well-being” temperature between 17 and 26 °C (63 and 78 °F), and can’t tolerate temperatures over 26 °C (77 °F)
Red pandas are exceptional climbers, in addition to forage generally throughout the timber. That they try to eat mainly bamboo bed sheets, and might try to eat smaller mammals, parrots, eggs, blossoms in addition to the berry. In captivity, these were seen to consume parrots, blossoms, walnut in addition to mulberry results to, in addition to will often bark in addition to many fruits of walnut, beech in addition to mulberry.
Red panda is able to reproduce at around 18 months of age, and are fully mature at two to three years. Adults rarely interact in the wild except to mate. Both sexes may mate with more than one partner during the mating season from mid-January to early March. A few days before birth, females begin to collect material, such as brushwood, grass, and leaves, to build a nest, which is normally located in a hollow tree or a rock crevice. After a gestation period of 112 to 158 days, the female gives birth in mid-June to late July to one to four blind and deaf cubs weighing 110 to 130 g (3.9 to 4.6 Oz) each.
The primary threats to red panda is direct harvest from the wild, live or dead, competition with domestic livestock resulting in habitat degradation, and deforestation resulting in habitat loss or fragmentation. The relative importance of these factors is different in each region, and is not well understood. For instance, in India, the biggest threat seems to be habitat loss followed by poaching, while in China, the biggest threat seems to be hunting and poaching. A 40% decrease in red panda populations has been reported in China over the last 50 years, and populations in western Himalayan areas are considered to be lower.